Patients with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma. These eye diseases may cause vision loss and blindness. These and other serious conditions often develop without warning or pain, so significant damage may be done to the eyes by the time the patient notices something is wrong. Diagnosing and treating eye disease early greatly increases the chances we can prevent vision loss.
It is imperative that diabetic patients have their eyes examined at least yearly, even if they think their sight is good. Some diabetic patients need to have more frequent doctor visits. In addition to exams, diabetic patients should maintain a steady blood-sugar level, regularly exercise, take prescribed medications, follow a healthy diet, and avoid smoking.
Diabetic patients should schedule routine eye exams.